Horticultural Technician (Landscape Horticulturist)
Introduction
Horticultural technicians survey and assess landscape, draw sketches and interpret plans. They construct and maintain gardens, parks, golf courses and other landscape environments. In addition, they advise clients on issues related to horticulture and landscape construction. Landscape horticulturists also propagate, cultivate and study plants, and treat injured and diseased trees and plants.
Essential Skills Requirements:
 
Safety-related Activities
Reading
Ability to read instructions and warnings on labels, e.g. read storage instructions on labels affixed to fungicides and pesticides. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to read Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) to learn how to safely handle fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides and other dangerous chemicals. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to read a variety of instructions and procedures, e.g. read step-by-step instructions to learn how to use personal protective equipment and mix and apply fertilizers. (Complexity: 2)
Writing
Ability to write write short reports, e.g. write short reports to describe incidents that resulted in damaged property and injuries to workers. (Complexity: 2)
Thinking
Ability to evaluate judge the safety of work sites and procedures. They observe risks posed by working at heights, equipment, such as shears, and the application of toxic chemicals. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to evaluate the safety of the work environment by considering workplace hazards. (Complexity: 2)
 
Landscape Design, Construction and Maintenance
Reading
Ability to read brochures and magazine and website articles, e.g. read magazine and website articles to learn about landscape design trends. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to read reference and equipment manuals, e.g. read reference manuals to learn about essential plant nutrients. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to understand information contained in brochures, pamphlets and product catalogues from suppliers. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to read business plans and proposals to learn about proposed activities, budgets and project requirements. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Ability to understand and interpret written building codes, zoning regulations and by-laws that govern landscape design and practices. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Ability to understand and interpret written information in text books, training manuals and scientific journals. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Document Use
Ability to use legends, symbols and abbreviations found on maps and drawings. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to locate data such as blooming schedules, identification numbers, ingredients and quantities in moderately complex lists and tables. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to interpret landscape drawings to determine the location of trees, shrubs, plants and design features, such as retaining walls and ponds. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Ability to locate data such as conditions, names, types, numbers, zones, specifications and levels in complex tables. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Writing
Ability to write proposals. e.g. write proposals in response to tenders. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Thinking
Ability to select gardening methods, e.g. decide how much to prune shrubs and water plants. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to evaluate customer needs by considering factors such as specifications, soil types, temperatures, weather zones and budgets. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to judge the effectiveness of products, such as fungicides, fertilizers and herbicides. They consider plant growth and other outcomes of the productís use. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to evaluate projects by considering factors such as efficiencies, timelines, costs and the quality of work performed. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Digital Technology - Databases
Ability to use databases to input and retrieve tree inventory, landscape design and horticultural project data. (Complexity: 2)
Digital Technology - Computer Assisted Design
Ability to use computer assisted design programs to create, modify and retrieve basic drawings. (Complexity: 2)
Digital Technology - Other Digital Technology
Ability to enter coordinates into global positioning satellites to determine distances and elevations. (Complexity: 1)
 
General Administrative Duties
Reading
Ability to read short comments on a variety of forms, such as bills of lading and inventory control forms. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to understand short written comments on technical drawings. (Complexity: 1)
Document Use
Ability to recognize symbols located on labels and material packaging, e.g. observe hazard symbols on container labels to learn about the dangers of fungicides. (Complexity: 1)
Locate data in a variety of lists, e.g. view lists to locate data, such as names, species, sizes and prices. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to enter data into forms, e.g. enter data, such as dates, times, costs and quantities, into invoices and inventory forms. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to locate data in charts and tables, e.g. locate specifications, such as application rates, in herbicide charts and product application-rate tables. (Complexity: 2)
Writing
Ability to write brief entries in log books, e.g. write brief comments in log books to describe work performed and incidents that may have occurred. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to write short comments in forms, e.g. write planting instructions on invoices. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to write short notes to co-workers, e.g. write short notes to co-workers to inform them about items that are out of stock. (Complexity: 1)
Digital Technology - Word Processing
Ability to use basic text formatting and editing features to write memos, letters or proposals. (Complexity: 2)
Digital Technology - Spreadsheets
Ability to use spreadsheet software to enter inventory counts and monitor quantities of supplies, such as fertilizers. (Complexity: 2)
Digital Technology - Communication Software
Ability to use communication software to exchange email with suppliers, co-workers and customers. (Complexity: 2)
Digital Technology - Internet
Ability to use the Internet to access bulletins, weather alerts, industry news and equipment specifications. (Complexity: 2)
Oral Communication - Listening
Ability to understand short spoken statements such as a simple instruction or question. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to understand moderately complex spoken statements such as instructions involving multiple steps. (Complexity: 2)
Oral Communication - Speaking
Ability to ask simple questions and explain simple thoughts, instructions and opinions using appropriate language. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to explain moderately complex thoughts, instructions and opinions using appropriate tone and language. (Complexity: 2)
 
Use of Mathematics
Whole Numbers
Ability to add, subtract, multiply and divide whole numbers. (Complexity: 2)
Fractions
Ability to add, subtract, multiply and divide fractions. (Complexity: 2)
Decimals
Ability to add, subtract, multiply and divide decimals. (Complexity: 2)
Percents and Mixed Operations
Ability to use percent to locate numbers; add, subtract, multiply and divide signed numbers; complete mixed operations with whole numbers, fractions, percents and decimals. (Complexity: 2)
Data Analysis
Ability to calculate and use totals, sub-totals and basic summary measures like averages and rates; perform proportional calculations. (Complexity: 2)
Geometry - Basic Skills
Ability to analyze and draw lines and line segments; use coordinates to locate points in a plane; calculate angles; use concepts such as parallelism to solve problems. (Complexity: 2)
Geometry - Plane Figures
Ability to calculate perimeters, areas and circumferences; analyze angles and distances in triangles, rectangles and circles; analyze complex shapes into constituent plane figures. (Complexity: 2)
Geometry - Solids
Ability to calculate volumes of rectangular solids, cylinders and prisms; analyze complex volumes into constituent regular solids. (Complexity: 2)
Geometry - Advanced Tasks
Ability to analyze angles and distances in plane figures; calculate areas of other polygons; use theorem to solve problems; calculate areas and volumes of objects such as spheres, pyramids and cones. (Complexity: 2)
Measurement
Ability to measure things such as distances, weights, volumes, temperatures and angles; use and convert between Metric and Imperial measurement units. (Complexity: 2)
Algebra
Ability to construct and solve equations with one to three different variables and use common formulas. (Complexity: 2)
Trigonometry
Ability to use trigonometry to identify and calculate the unknown lengths and angles of triangles. (Complexity: 2)