Sheet Metal Worker
Introduction
Sheet metal workers design, fabricate, assemble, install and repair sheet metal products. In fabrication work, sheet metal workers lay out and measure pieces to specifications. They use tools such as power shears, press brakes, drill presses and computerized cutting equipment to cut and shape material. They assemble and join the pieces with various techniques such as welding and using mechanical fasteners.
Essential Skills Requirements:
 
Safety-related Activities
Reading
Ability to read instructions and warnings on equipment labels, e.g. read labels affixed to equipment to learn about the safe operation of saws, shears and metal brake presses. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to read safety related information, e.g. read safety rules governing the use of personal protective equipment such as fall restraint systems. (Complexity: 2)
Document Use
Ability to locate data on labels and signs, e.g. identify hazard symbols affixed to containers of solvents and caulking products. (Complexity: 1)
Writing
Ability to write incident reports, e.g. complete incident reports to describe events leading up to accidents. (Complexity: 2)
Thinking
Ability to evaluate the condition and performance of tools and equipment. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to evaluate the safety of equipment and the severity of workplace hazards. (Complexity: 2)
 
Sheet Metal Work
Reading
Ability to read equipment manuals, e.g. read equipment manuals to learn how to set-up and operate equipment such as shears and brakes. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Ability to read product brochures and articles in trade magazines, e.g. read articles in magazines such as Canadian Metalworking to learn about advancements in cutting tools and materials. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Ability to read regulations, Acts, codes and standards, e.g. read standards issued by the Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning Contractors' National Association to learn the guidelines governing the installation of round industrial ducts. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Document Use
Ability to locate information such as dimensions using basic scale drawings. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to locate data in lists and tables, e.g. locate part numbers, descriptions, dimensions, specifications, times, clearances and inventory levels in lists and specification tables. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to locate information such as dimensions and construction procedures using moderately complex scale and assembly drawings. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to interpret process schematics, e.g. study loop circuit diagrams to understand how heating systems work and to locate system components. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Ability to use complex technical drawings to locate data and identify the placements of parts, e.g. review scale drawings of complex components to identify fabrication sequences and locate dimensions and angles. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Thinking
Ability to evaluate work projects by considering factors such as efficiencies, timelines, costs and the quality of work performed. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Digital Technology - Programming and Systems Control
Ability to operate computer numerically-controlled equipment by programming specifications for cutting speeds and depths, cut lengths and bend angles. (Complexity: 2)
 
General Administrative Duties
Reading
Ability to read short text entries in forms and comments on drawings, e.g. read short text entries in change orders to learn about modifications to a project's design specifications. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to read a variety of instructions and procedures, e.g. read sequenced instructions for the installation of sheet metal fixtures. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to read memos and bulletins, e.g. read memos to learn about changes to work processes. (Complexity: 2)
Document Use
Ability to enter data into a variety of tags, e.g. enter data such as dates and times on equipment lock-out tags. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to locate data such as identification numbers, flows and quantities in simple lists and tables. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to use checklists, e.g. use worksite procedure checklists to locate emergency contact information, voltages and other information about conditions that are unique to individual work sites. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to complete a variety of forms, e.g. complete entry forms such as work orders by entering part numbers, dates, identification numbers, job codes, dimensions, quantities and unit prices. (Complexity: 2)
Writing
Ability to write comments on forms, such as job hazard assessments and work orders, e.g. write comments on job hazard assessment forms to describe worksite hazards and the measures taken to eliminate or minimize the risks posed to workers. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to write daily logs containing reminders and notes about job progress, deliveries, weather conditions and unusual occurrences. (Complexity: 1)
Thinking
Ability to decide the order of tasks and their priorities, e.g. decide which jobs to complete first. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to evaluate the severity of equipment faults by considering factors such as readings, noise levels, pressures, temperatures, vibrations and odours. (Complexity: 2)
Oral Communication - Listening
Ability to understand short spoken statements such as a simple instruction or question. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to understand moderately complex spoken statements such as instructions involving multiple steps. (Complexity: 2)
Oral Communication - Speaking
Ability to ask simple questions and explain simple thoughts, instructions and opinions using appropriate language. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to explain moderately complex thoughts, instructions and opinions using appropriate tone and language. (Complexity: 2)
 
Use of Mathematics
Whole Numbers
Ability to add, subtract, multiply and divide whole numbers. (Complexity: 2)
Fractions
Ability to add, subtract, multiply and divide fractions. (Complexity: 2)
Decimals
Ability to add, subtract, multiply and divide decimals. (Complexity: 2)
Percents and Mixed Operations
Ability to use percent to locate numbers; add, subtract, multiply and divide signed numbers; complete mixed operations with whole numbers, fractions, percents and decimals. (Complexity: 2)
Data Analysis
Ability to calculate and use totals, sub-totals and basic summary measures like averages and rates; perform proportional calculations. (Complexity: 2)
Geometry - Basic Skills
Ability to analyze and draw lines and line segments; use coordinates to locate points in a plane; calculate angles; use concepts such as parallelism to solve problems. (Complexity: 2)
Geometry - Plane Figures
Ability to calculate perimeters, areas and circumferences; analyze angles and distances in triangles, rectangles and circles; analyze complex shapes into constituent plane figures. (Complexity: 2)
Geometry - Solids
Ability to calculate volumes of rectangular solids, cylinders and prisms; analyze complex volumes into constituent regular solids. (Complexity: 2)
Geometry - Advanced Tasks
Ability to analyze angles and distances in plane figures; calculate areas of other polygons; use theorem to solve problems; calculate areas and volumes of objects such as spheres, pyramids and cones. (Complexity: 2)
Measurement
Ability to measure things such as distances, weights, volumes, temperatures and angles; use and convert between Metric and Imperial measurement units. (Complexity: 2)
Algebra
Ability to construct and solve equations with one to three different variables and use common formulas. (Complexity: 2)
Trigonometry
Ability to use trigonometry to identify and calculate the unknown lengths and angles of triangles. (Complexity: 2)