Truck & Coach Technician (Truck and Transport Mechanic)
Introduction
Truck and coach technicians inspect, repair and maintain commercial trucks, emergency vehicles, buses and road transport vehicles. In some jurisdictions, they may also work on commercial trailers and recreation vehicles. They work on the structural, mechanical, electrical and electronic vehicle systems and components such as engines, cab, chassis and frames, brakes, steering, suspension, drive train, HVAC (heating, ventilation and air conditioning), fuel systems and hydraulic systems.
Essential Skills Requirements:
 
Safety-related Activities
Reading
Ability to read manufacturers' notices and technical service bulletins, e.g. read technical service bulletins to learn about recurring faults with particular models and approved repair procedures. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to read safety-related information, e.g. read Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) to learn how to safely handle hazardous materials, such as solvents. (Complexity: 2)
Document Use
Ability to interpret hazard and safety icons, e.g. scan icons affixed to engine components to learn about scalding, pressure and electrical shock hazards. (Complexity: 1)
Writing
Ability to write incident reports, e.g. complete incident reports to describe events leading up to accidents. (Complexity: 2)
Thinking
Ability to evaluate the safety of equipment and the severity of workplace hazards. (Complexity: 2)
 
Truck Repair and Maintenance
Reading
Ability to read short instructions written on signs, labels and packaging, e.g. read information on product labels to learn how to mix materials, such as adhesives. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to read short text entries on a variety of forms and technical drawings, e.g. read comments on work orders to determine the required repairs on machinery. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to read a variety of paper-based and electronic repair manuals to learn how to troubleshoot, service and maintain vehicles, e.g. read manuals to learn how to repair electrical system faults. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Ability to read and interpret government regulations, e.g. read regulations to learn about vehicle inspection procedures, hazardous material disposal and the roadworthiness requirements of vehicles. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Document Use
Ability to locate information such as dimensions using basic scale and assembly drawings. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to scan gauges and digital readouts for operating data such as revolutions per minute, electrical readings and capacities. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to use legends and symbols found on technical drawings. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to view meters and digital readouts to locate data, such as energy readings, speeds, pressures, settings and error codes. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to interpret graphs generated by computerized equipment, e.g. scan graphs generated by scan tools to troubleshoot faults and establish the operating condition of vehicle components. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to locate information such as the positions of parts using moderately complex assembly drawings. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to locate voltages, capacities and components using moderately complex wiring, hydraulic and mechanical system schematics. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to Interpret complex technical drawings, e.g. scan assembly drawings to determine the position of parts within complex transmissions and schematics to determine hydraulic system capacities, flows and components. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Ability to locate data, such as specifications, classifications, material coefficients, quantities, identification numbers and costs, in complex tables. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Thinking
Ability to decide which tools to use, procedures to follow and tests to perform to diagnose and repair vehicles. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to evaluate the severity of vehicle equipment faults by considering factors such as readings, noise levels, pressures, temperatures, vibrations and odours. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to judge the condition of parts, e.g. inspect sprockets for signs of cracks, missing teeth and loose fit. (Complexity: 2)
Digital Technology - Internet
Ability to use Internet browsers and search engines to locate information such as troubleshooting guides and specifications. (Complexity: 2)
Digital Technology - Other Digital Technology
Ability to use diagnostic equipment (e.g. scan tools) to determine operational data, such as horsepower, torque, pressure readings and air-to-fuel ratios. (Complexity: 2)
 
General Administrative Duties
Reading
Ability to read reminders and short notes from co-workers, e.g. read notes from service managers to learn about equipment faults and upcoming meetings. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to read memos and bulletins, e.g. read memos and bulletins from supervisors to learn about changes to operating procedures. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to read trade journals, brochures and website articles to learn about new products and stay up-to-date on new technology. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Document Use
Ability to complete a variety of forms, e.g. complete work orders and delivery inspection forms by entering details, such as dates, times, part numbers, quantities and costs. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to interpret moderately complex flow, process and logic charts. (Complexity: 2)
Writing
Ability to write brief notes, e.g. describe needed repairs on work orders and vehicle inspection forms. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to write reminders and brief notes to co-workers, e.g. write brief notes to inform co-workers about the status of repair projects. (Complexity: 1)
Thinking
Ability to evaluate work projects by considering factors such as efficiencies, timelines, costs and the quality of work performed. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Digital Technology - Databases
Ability to use specialized industry databases to access job assignments, input information on new jobs, retrieve and review past service information and complete work orders. (Complexity: 2)
Oral Communication - Listening
Ability to understand short spoken statements such as a simple instruction or question. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to understand moderately complex spoken statements such as instructions involving multiple steps. (Complexity: 2)
Oral Communication - Speaking
Ability to ask simple questions and explain simple thoughts, instructions and opinions using appropriate language. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to explain moderately complex thoughts, instructions and opinions using appropriate tone and language. (Complexity: 2)
 
Use of Mathematics
Whole Numbers
Ability to add, subtract, multiply and divide whole numbers. (Complexity: 2)
Fractions
Ability to add, subtract, multiply and divide fractions, e.g. measure for setting-up machinery, use Imperial measurements, such as fractional units of inches. (Complexity: 2)
Decimals
Ability to add, subtract, multiply and divide decimals. (Complexity: 2)
Percents and Mixed Operations
Ability to use percent to locate numbers; add, subtract, multiply and divide signed numbers; complete mixed operations with whole numbers, fractions, percents and decimals. (Complexity: 2)
Data Analysis
Ability to calculate and use totals, sub-totals and basic summary measures like averages and rates; perform proportional calculations. (Complexity: 2)
Geometry - Basic Skills
Ability to analyze and draw lines and line segments; use coordinates to locate points in a plane; calculate angles; use concepts such as parallelism to solve problems. (Complexity: 2)
Geometry - Plane Figures
Ability to calculate perimeters, areas and circumferences; analyze angles and distances in triangles, rectangles and circles; analyze complex shapes into constituent plane figures. (Complexity: 2)
Geometry - Solids
Ability to calculate volumes of rectangular solids, cylinders and prisms; analyze complex volumes into constituent regular solids. (Complexity: 2)
Geometry - Advanced Tasks
Ability to analyze angles and distances in plane figures; calculate areas of other polygons; use theorem to solve problems; calculate areas and volumes of objects such as spheres, pyramids and cones. (Complexity: 2)
Measurement
Ability to measure things such as distances, weights, volumes, temperatures and angles; use and convert between Metric and Imperial measurement units. (Complexity: 2)
Algebra
Ability to construct and solve equations with one to three different variables and use common formulas. (Complexity: 2)