Plumbers install, repair and maintain pipes, fixtures and other plumbing equipment used for water distribution and waste water disposal in residential, commercial and industrial buildings. They are employed in maintenance departments of factories, plants and similar establishments, by plumbing contractors, or they may be self-employed.
Essential Skills Requirements:
Safety-related Activities
Ability to read safety-related information, e.g. read Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) to learn how to safely handle hazardous materials, such as solvents. (Complexity: 2)
Document Use
Ability to identify hazard and safety icons, e.g. scan icons affixed to products, such as flux-core solders, to learn about their toxic properties. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to write reports to describe events leading up to workplace accidents, e.g. write about injuries and events when completing reports for workers’ compensation boards. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to evaluate the safety of equipment and the severity of workplace hazards. (Complexity: 2)
Plumbing Activities
Ability to read instructions for mixing and applying products such as plumbing epoxy. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to read manufacturers' notices and technical service bulletins, e.g. read technical service bulletins to learn about recurring faults with particular stoves and approved repair procedures. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to read a variety of manuals to learn how to install, repair and maintain plumbing fixtures and systems. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Ability to read magazine and website articles to stay current on industry trends and broaden their knowledge of plumbing techniques and materials. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Ability to understand and interpret codes and standards that govern the design, construction, extension, alteration, renewal and repair of plumbing systems. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Ability to understand and interpret written information in text books, training manuals and technical reports pertaining to the properties of water, metals and alloys. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Document Use
Ability to scan gauges and digital readouts for plumbing system data such as flows and fluid pressure. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to locate information such as dimensions and construction procedures using moderately complex scale and assembly drawings. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to use a variety of assembly drawings, e.g. use assembly drawings to learn how to install fixtures and appliances. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to interpret a variety of complex construction drawings, e.g. scan construction drawings to learn how plumbing, electrical, carpentry and mechanical installations are to coordinate. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Ability to interpret a variety of complex schematic drawings, e.g. scan schematics to locate circuits, flows and capacities when planning for complex plumbing installations of piping. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Ability to locate data in a variety of complex tables, e.g. locate data, such as dimensions, classifications, tolerances, coefficients, identification numbers and quantities, in specification tables. (Complexity: 3 or higher)
Ability to choose tools, methods and products for plumbing installations and repairs, e.g. consider project scopes and the availability of materials and labour. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to choose the order of tasks and their priorities, e.g. decide the order in which to install fixtures and test systems. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to evaluate the condition and performance of tools and equipment. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to evaluate the severity of plumbing faults by considering factors such as readings, noise levels, pressures, temperatures, vibrations and odours. (Complexity: 2)
General Administrative Duties
Ability to read reminders and short notes from co-workers to coordinate work activities. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to read short text entries on forms, such as work orders and log books. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to read bulletins and notices, e.g. read bulletins to learn about changes to operating procedures and read notices to learn about product recalls. (Complexity: 2)
Document Use
Ability to locate data in lists and schedules, e.g. scan lists to locate part numbers, sizes and quantities in suppliers' product lists. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to complete a variety of checklists and forms, e.g. complete hazard assessment forms and purchase orders by checking boxes and entering data, such as dates, times and quantities. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to write reminders and short notes to customers and co-workers, e.g. write short notes to inform supervisors about repairs in-progress and tasks to be completed. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to write short comments in forms and log books, e.g. write comments in order forms to specify part requirements. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to write project details on estimate sheets and work orders, e.g. explain the plumbing tasks to be performed on job estimates. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to evaluate work projects by considering factors such as efficiencies, timelines, costs and the quality of work performed. (Complexity: 2)
Digital Technology - Communication Software
Ability to use communication software to exchange e-mail messages and attachments. (Complexity: 2)
Digital Technology - Internet
Ability to use Internet browsers and search engines to access specifications, safety codes and regulations, technical service bulletins, warranty information and repair procedures from websites operated by manufacturers and regulatory bodies. (Complexity: 2)
Oral Communication - Listening
Ability to understand short spoken statements such as a simple instruction or question. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to understand moderately complex spoken statements such as instructions involving multiple steps. (Complexity: 2)
Oral Communication - Speaking
Ability to ask simple questions and explain simple thoughts, instructions and opinions using appropriate language. (Complexity: 1)
Ability to explain moderately complex thoughts, instructions and opinions using appropriate tone and language. (Complexity: 2)
Use of Mathematics
Whole Numbers
Ability to add, subtract, multiply and divide whole numbers. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to add, subtract, multiply and divide fractions. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to add, subtract, multiply and divide decimals. (Complexity: 2)
Percents and Mixed Operations
Ability to use percent to locate numbers; add, subtract, multiply and divide signed numbers; complete mixed operations with whole numbers, fractions, percents and decimals. (Complexity: 2)
Data Analysis
Ability to calculate and use totals, sub-totals and basic summary measures like averages and rates; perform proportional calculations. (Complexity: 2)
Geometry - Basic Skills
Ability to analyze and draw lines and line segments; use coordinates to locate points in a plane; calculate angles; use concepts such as parallelism to solve problems. (Complexity: 2)
Geometry - Plane Figures
Ability to calculate perimeters, areas and circumferences; analyze angles and distances in triangles, rectangles and circles; analyze complex shapes into constituent plane figures. (Complexity: 2)
Geometry - Solids
Ability to calculate volumes of rectangular solids, cylinders and prisms; analyze complex volumes into constituent regular solids. (Complexity: 2)
Geometry - Advanced Tasks
Ability to analyze angles and distances in plane figures; calculate areas of other polygons; use theorem to solve problems; calculate areas and volumes of objects such as spheres, pyramids and cones. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to measure things such as distances, weights, volumes, temperatures and angles; use and convert between Metric and Imperial measurement units. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to construct and solve equations with one to three different variables and use common formulas. (Complexity: 2)
Ability to use trigonometry to identify and calculate the unknown lengths and angles of triangles. (Complexity: 2)